Hypertension in itself is a very serious health problem that affects a lot of persons. Some are aware of its presence and some are not. The ones that are aware of its presence have an advantage because being aware gives you the chance to keep your pressure in check by taking your medication, start eating healthy, exercising, and taking natural supplements and vitamins. For the person that are not aware that they have hypertension, these are the persons that experience the adverse effects of hypertension. In this article we will be looking at the Effects of hypertension on the body, and give you an idea as to why it is called the silent killer.
Parts of the body that Hypertension Affects
Hypertension is the beginning, or the first stage in a series of serious and deadly health issues that affects the body of a person over time. The good thing about being diagnosed with Hypertension, and yes there is goodness that can come from it, you will be able to take steps to control your pressure and change your lifestyle. Where things start going bad is when either you are aware that you have hypertension and do nothing about it or you don’t know and it. Which ever one it is, Hypertension that is left unchecked affects the body in some very serious ways, some of which may be very detrimental. Here is a list of the most important parts of the body that Hypertension affects:
- The Arteries
- The Heart
- The Brain
- the Kidney
- Other parts that are affected
How Hypertension affects the Arteries
Damaging of the Arteries: The arteries are like the body’s highway as it carries the blood that is pumped from the heart, throughout the body. In using this same metaphor, hypertension would be extremely heavy rains that damage the highway and causes pot holes. In other words, due to the high blood pressure in the arteries, this puts a strain on the arteries and causes small tears in them. These tears present the perfect opportunity for the chalestoral that is floating around in the blood stream to attach itself to the artery walls and over time builds up and starts to make the artery passage way smaller. A smaller passage way results in less blood flowing to the organs of the body.
Hardening of the Arteries: Arteries are usually considered to be flexible and elastic in nature. This build up of cholestoral in the arteries and blood vessels causes them to become hardened. This hardening takes time but it also causes less blood to flow through the body which affects the body significantly as less blood flows to where it is needed. This build up may also block the arteries completely.
Blocked Arteries: Blocked arteries can result from cholesterol build up or a blood clot that is blocked by the very same build up of cholesterol. This blockage can lead to serious complications such as heart attack or stock.
How Hypertension affects the Heart
When it comes to the effects of hypertension of the heart, things get a lot more serious as this organ plays one of the most serious roles in the functioning of the body. The heart is responsible for the pumping of the blood throughout the entire body. Hypertension affects the heart by causing:
Coronary Artery Disease: This disease affects the arteries that provide blood to the muscles of the heart. Arteries that are affected by this disease do not allow for blood to flow freely through them. This may result in a person experiencing Chest Pains, Irregular Heart Beat (Arrhythmias), or worst, a Heart Attack.
Enlarged left heart: Hypertension causes the heart to work more that it should so that blood can be pumped to the rest of the body. This may result in the left side of the heart becoming bigger and may be diagnosed as left ventricular hypertrophy which limits the ability to pump blood to your body. This increases the possibility of a Heart Attack, Heart Failure or even Sudden Cardiac Death.
Heart failure: Hypertension, over time, causes a strain on the heart which tends to result in your heart muscle becoming weaken and functions less efficiently. This over working of the heart starts to wear out the heart and causes it to fail eventually. Damage from heart attacks tends to add to this problem.
How Hypertension affects the Brain
Hypertension tends to adversely affect the brain which is another vital organ of the body. There are simple ways that hypertension affects the brain such as having problems sleeping (Sleep Apnea) and having trouble understanding things and problems with memory. This come in the form of Dementia. There are more serious effects such as:
Mini Stroke: Also called T.I.A. (Transient Ischemic Attack), which is a short disruption of supply of blood to the brain. This is more than often caused by atherosclerosis or a blood clot — both of which can arise from high blood pressure. A mini stroke is often a warning sign that you are at risk for a full-blown stroke.
Stroke. This is when a part of the brain is deprived of oxygen and nutrients which causes the brain cells to die. Hypertension, if left uncontrolled, can bring on a stroke by damaging and weakening your brain’s blood vessels, causing them to become narrow, or to rupture or to leak. Hypertension can also cause the forming of blood clots in the arteries leading to your brain, blocking blood flow and potentially causing a stroke.
How Hypertension affects the Kidney
Hypertension also affects the Kidneys by filtering the excess fluids and waste from the blood This process weighs heavily on healthy blood vessels. High blood pressure can damage the blood vessels in the kidneys as well as leading into the kidneys, causing several types of kidney disease (nephropathy). Having diabetes in conjunction with high blood pressure can worsen the damage. This may result in:
Kidney failure: Hypertension is considered to be one of the most common causes of kidney failure. This is as a result of the damage that hypertension causes on the large arteries leading to your kidneys and the small blood vessels within the kidneys. This damage makes it harder for your kidneys to function effectively,. which results in a dangerous build up of fluids and waste can. You may result in the need for dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Kidney scarring: Also referred to as Glomerulosclerosis is a type of kidney damage caused by scarring of the glomeruli. The glomeruli are small clusters of blood vessels within your kidneys that filter fluid and waste from your blood. Glomerulosclerosis can cause your kidneys to not be able to filter waste effectively, leading to kidney failure.
Kidney artery aneurysm: Hypertension can cause an aneurysm in an artery leading to the kidney. It is also referred to as a kidney (renal) artery aneurysm. This weakens and damages the artery walls. Hypertension over time weakens the artery and can cause a section of the artery to enlarge and form a bulge, (the aneurysm). Aneurysms can rupture and cause life-threatening internal bleeding.
Other Parts of the Body that Hypertension Affects
Hypertension affects the body in a lot of other ways, some more serious than others. These include:
- Problems with the eyes as hypertension may cause the blood vessels behind the eyes to rupture.
- Sexual Dysfunction
- Bone loss (osteoporosis)
Be sure to control your Hypertension
Controlling your Hypertension is very important to your overall health and well-being, so it is very important to keep control of your hypertension. If you are on medication, continue to take your medication while making efforts to change your life style, change your diet, and take natural supplements and vitamins for hypertension.
I would to hear what you think so kindly leave a comment on the topic and Let’s discuss it in its entirety.